The History Of Medicine Is Like A Huge Puzzle, And It Has Taken Many Tortuous And Gruesome Routes To Try To Fit The Pieces Toge
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||The History Of Medicine Is Like A Huge Puzzle, And It Has Taken Many Tortuous And Gruesome Routes To Try To Fit The Pieces Toge
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The history of medicine is like a huge puzzle, and it has taken many tortuous and gruesome routes to try to fit the pieces together. It has gone from ancient myths that attempted to explain disease to the great capabilities of today's medicine.
The first crude forms of medicine go back to prehistoric man. Even before man appeared on earth, disease existed in the animals that roamed here. Fossils, bones, and teeth can be used to see how prehistoric man fell to disease. Imagine a sickly man, his body and mind wasted by sleeping on the cold, muddy floor that he shared with other creatures. He shortly died from lack of food, by traumas, fears, and stresses.
The first physician was man himself. His medicine was based on instinct, using methods of self-healing, licking, sucking, and blowing on his lesions. Man first began to learn of anatomy through accidental or battle wounds, cutting up animals, and even cannibalism. Tools used as weapons were being used to make incisions. Licking and sucking were replaced by bloodletting , scarification , amputation, and surgery with stone tools. Copying the acts of previous monkeys, the first casts were made of dried mud put directly on wounds. Fire brought not only burns, but cautery .
Civilization came to be around 12,000 BC. Diseases were treated if minor with domestic remedies such as diet, herbs, plasters, and massage. Often, if the case was severe, the patient was killed to relieve the community of his burden, or the healer was summoned. Old shaman's techniques were more based on myth and magic. Magic was man's first attempt to understand nature. Defensive magic used fetishes (objects endowed with magical powers), amulets (protective objects against black magic), and talismans (good luck objects). The shaman based his diagnosis on the concept that there was only one disease. The cause of this disease came from the existence of fetishes, evil dreams, or broken taboos. Once the direct cause was determined, it was treated by magic, sucking, extraction rituals, massage, baths, or vegetable drugs; and possession by a spirit, by exorcism, bloodletting, and spells.
Magic medicine can still be seen today in some primitive communities. Although, then it was based on the personality of the shaman, the sacred place of his rituals, and the magic time, where as now it is based on what is done and what technique is used, along with reasonable motives.
There was a huge turnaround in medicine roughly in
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